Steel Melting 201


"Good course with great information for practical purposes."


This course will study the operations of steel melting furnaces including electric arc and induction, the process steps during charging and startup, melt down, chemistry slag control, alloying, tapping, and process documentation, post melt processing methods, Argon Oxygen Decarburization (AOD) and Vacuum Oxygen Decarburization (VOD), melt quality control of undesirable elements with sampling and chemistry measurements, ladle selection and considerations, including maintenance and safety procedures.

Learning outcomes

Class participants will learn to:

  • Explain the difference among steel melting processes.
  • List melt-stock components.
  • Explain alloying techniques.
  • Explain chemistry measurement techniques.
  • Explain post-furnace processing variables.
  • Describe the quality implications from melting variables.
  • Explain proper refractory selection.
  • Describe the selection of ladle options (pros and cons).
  • Describe the safety procedures and equipment related to the melting process.

Course Length

2.0 days

CEU Units

1.10 CEU

Course outline

Module 1: Introduction
Module 2: Steel Casting Basics Review
Module 3: Steel Melting Process Introduction

•    Common Melting Furnaces
•    Charge Materials

Module 4: Electric Arc Furnace Melting

•    Setting Up the Process
•    Completing the Process
•    Melting Process Documentation and Calculation

Module 5: Induction Furnace Melting

•    Induction Melting Overview
•    Induction How-To
•    Induction Furnace Documentation and Calculations

Module 6: Post Melt Processing

•    AOD Post Melt Overview
•    Ladle Metallurgy

Module 7: Quality of Melt

•    Effects of Undesirable Elements
•    Control of Undesirable Elements
•    Sampling and Chemistry Measurement

Module 8: Ladle Selection

•    Pour Types
•    Lining Characteristics

Module 9: Maintenance and Safety

•    Furnace Maintenance
•    Safety in the Melt Shop

Module 10: Conclusion