Regulatory References


Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) represents state environmental regulatory agencies.  ASTSWMO has a Beneficial Use Task Force that is one of the stakeholders in the Foundry Sand Multi-Stakeholder Action Plan.  The task force also provided input to the research plan for the USDA Foundry Sand Initiative. 

ASTSMWO Beneficial Use Survey November 2007                                                                                        
Report prepared by the ASTSWMO Beneficial Use Task Force is a compilation of information from a 2006 survey of State and Territorial beneficial use programs/decision-making processes for non-hazardous, industrial solid wastes.  Forty States responded.  It updates the April 2000 report and provides additional information. 

ASTSWMO Beneficial Use Survey April 2000                                                                               

EPA State Toolkit for Developing Beneficial Reuse Programs for Foundry Sands                     
The EPA Sector Strategies Program developed the "State Toolkit for Developing Beneficial Reuse Programs for Foundry Sand" document to help address state program barriers.  Developed in partnership with the ASTSWMO as an assistance tool for states, the guide is designed to help states initiate or revise their beneficial reuse programs in a way that increases safe beneficial reuse of foundry sand. The Toolkit provides program options and concrete examples of a variety of approaches used in states to efficiently conduct beneficial reuse determinations

Beneficial Reuse of Foundry Sand: A Review of State Practices and Regulations                                     
The EPA Sector Strategies Program developed the “Beneficial Reuse of Foundry Sand: A Review of State Practices and Regulations” guide to provide an overview of each state's regulations (current as of 2002) for beneficial reuse of foundry sand.

Northeast Waste Management Officials’ Association (NEWMOA) Beneficial Use Resources
NEWMOA established a Beneficial Use Determination (BUD) Workgroup that has produced several resources for state use only.  These include a searchable database of all the BUD’s that have been issued by the NEWMOA states plus five additional other states; and a table comparing the BUD application requirements of the NEWMOA states.  In addition, the Workgroup produced fact sheets for the public on selected waste/use combinations.  The BUD database includes information on foundry sand permits in 13 states.

Recycling Market Development                                                                                                
This web site provides recycling market development information for state and local officials, sources of technical and financial assistance for recycling businesses, and information on the economic benefits of recycling.              

Foundry Sand Inventory -- Great Lakes States -- USEPA Region 5
The School of Natural Resources at the Ohio State University has performed numerous foundry sand research projects.  As a research collaborator under the USDA/ARS Foundry Sand Initiative, OSU investigated the use of spent foundry sand in agriculture. Potential agricultural uses include topsoil for residential, landscaping, industrial, or reclamation purposes, and as a rooting zone for sports turf.  The concept of the foundry sand inventory was developed in part to help potential users make contact with foundry sand generators. This inventory was designed to address many of the factors affecting the beneficial reuse of foundry sand as identified in a review of state practices and regulations.

Beneficial Use Of By-Products: Rules/Regulations/Guidelines; Great Lakes States And Ontario
This survey was undertaken by the Great Lakes Byproducts Management Association (GLBMA) in 2001 to determine what regulations and guidelines determined the use of industrial byproducts in a number of Midwest states.

Survey Of State Environmental Regulations Impacting Beneficial Reuse Of Foundry Residuals
Institutional or nontechnical barriers may be associated with the lack of progress in implementing projects involving the beneficial reuse of foundry residuals. These barriers can result from regulatory issue, residual generator issues or residual user issues. This study establishes a foundation for identifying and assessing institutional barriers in the regulatory area by documenting industrial waste and beneficial reuse regulations in 13 states with significant foundry operations. Recommendations to foster the development of beneficial reuse applications have been made.